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Lefkada Greece


Capital: Lefkada
Municipalities: 6, Communes: 2
Population: 23000 inhabitants
Surface area: 356 sq. km
Coastline length: 117km.
Climate: Mild, Mediterranean
Tallest peak: Stavrota, 182 m


Lefkada owes its name to its southernmost cape, Lelkata, which in ancient times was known by the name Lefkas petra (white rock) or Lefkas akra (white tip). Legend has it that the poetess Sappho gave an end to her life falling from these rocks for Phaon.
The first traces of life in Lefkada date to the Paleolithic period. The German archaeologist Dorpfeld, Henry Schliemannís assistant in the digs of Troy and Mycenae, was the one to support the theory that Lefkada is Homeric Ithaca. During his excavations in Nidri, he unearthed significant finds from the Neolithic period up to the Bronze Age.
Lefkada, in the 7th century BC, was a Corinthian colony. It participated in the naval battle of Salamina, the battle of Plataea, and the Peloponnesian War.
In 338 BC, the island was conquered by Philip of Macedonia and in 197 BC by the Romans.
In 1204, Lefkada was incorporated into the Despotate of Epirus. In 1331, it was conquered by the Anjou family. In 1362, the island came under the rule of the Tocco family and in 1479 it was conquered by the Ottomans. In 1684, it came once again under Venetian rule.
From 1797, the island came under the consecutive rule of the French, the Russians and the British until 1864, when Lefkada together with the other lonian Islands was united with Greece.

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